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College of Science


Introduction

Science is not merely a collection of facts, concepts, and useful ideas about nature, or even the systematic investigation of nature, although both are common definitions of science. Science is a method of investigating nature--a way of knowing about nature--that discovers reliable knowledge about it. In other words, science is a method of discovering reliable knowledge about nature. There are other methods of discovering and learning knowledge about nature (these other knowledge methods or systems will be discussed below in contradistinction to science), but science is the only method that results in the acquisition of reliable knowledge. Reliable knowledge is knowledge that has a high probablility of being true because its veracity has been justified by a reliable method. Reliable knowledge is sometimes called justified true belief, to distinguish reliable knowledge from belief that is false and unjustified or even true but unjustified. (Please note that I do not, as some do, make a distinction between belief and knowledge; I think that what one believes is one's knowledge. The important distinction that should be made is whether one's knowledge or beliefs are true and, if true, are justifiably true.) Every person has knowledge or beliefs, but not all of each person's knowledge is reliably true and justified. In fact, most individuals believe in things that are untrue or unjustified or both: most people possess a lot of unreliable knowledge and, what's worse, they act on that knowledge! Other ways of knowing, and there are many in addition to science, are not reliable because their discovered knowledge is not justified. Science is a method that allows a person to possess, with the highest degree of certainty possible, reliable knowledge (justified true belief) about nature. The method used to justify scientific knowledge, and thus make it reliable, is called the scientific method. I will explain the formal procedures of the scientific method later in this essay, but first let's describe the more general practice of scientific or critical thinking.

S.No COURSE NAME ELIGIBILITY DURATION
1 B.Sc.in PCM/PSM/CBZ 10+2 in Science Stream with 45% marks (40% for the SC/ST candidates ),
must have passed in each of the subjects of PCM/PCB.
3 years
2 BCA Min.45% in (10+2) 3 years
3 B.Sc. (Computer Science) 10+2 in Science stream with 45% marks (40% for the SC/ST candidates),
must have passed in each of the subjects of PCM
3 years
4 B.Sc.(Honors) in Mathematics/Physics/ Chemistry/Zoology/ Botany 10+2 in Science stream with 45% marks (40% for the SC/ST candidates ),
must have passed in each of the subjects of PCM/PCB.
3 years
5 B.Sc. Biotechnology 10+2 with PCB/PCM/Agri. With 45% (40% for the SC/ST candidates)
must have passed in each of the subjects of PCM/PCB and Agri.
3 years
6 M.Sc. In Physics/Chemistry/ Mathematics B.Sc.(Hons.) in concerned subject/ B.Sc.(PCM), with 45% marks (40% marks for the SC/ST candidates ) 2 years
7 M.Sc. In Chemistry/Zoology / Botany B.Sc.(Hons.) in concerned subject/ B.Sc.(CBZ), with 45% marks (40% marks for the SC/ST candidates ) 2 years
8 M.Sc. (Biotechnology) B. Sc.(Hons.) in concerned subject/ B.Sc.with PCB/PCM/CBZ/Bio-chem/ Microbiology/Agri/ Computer, with 45% aggregate marks (40% marks for SC/ST candidates )
B.Tech.with 55% marks in aggregate (50% marks for SC/ST candidates).
2 years
9 MCA 50% marks in Graduation (Candidate must have passed in
mathematics subject at intermediate or graduate level.)
3 years
10 P.G.D.C.A Min.45% in Graduation 1 years
11 M.Phil. Zoology & Mathematics 55% marks in the concerned subject(50% marks for SC/ST Candidates) 1 years
12 Ph.D in Physics, Zoology, Biotechnology and Chemistry M.Sc. in the concerned subjects with 55% marks
(50% marks for SC/ST candidates)
3 years